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Psoriasis is a condition that changes the life cycle of skin cells. Psoriasis causes cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin. The extra skin cells form thick, silvery scales and itchy, dry, red patches that are sometimes painful. It can be caused by genetics or external factors and is most common in individuals over 20 and 40. Approximately 1-2% of every population will be affected and it is equally common in men and women. This is a chronic disease that greatly impacts upon an individual’s quality of life.
- Red patches of skin covered with silvery scales
- Small scaling spots (commonly seen in children)
- Dry, cracked skin that may bleed
- Itching, burning or soreness
- Thickened, pitted or ridged nails
- Swollen and stiff joints
This condition is chronic and cannot be completely treated. However, it can be controlled and is non-communicable. Patients should avoid risk factors such as alcohol consumption and stress.
- Cream or ointments
- Calciprotriol oral medication
- Biologic injection
- UV Therapy
*Warning* some medications may have serious side effects and should only be used in severe cases. Other medications may worsen the symptoms; as such over-the-counter medication is not recommended.