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Maxillofacial Prosthesis Restoring Confidence and Improving the Quality of Life of Patients


Maxillofacial disfigurement can be congenital, developmental, traumatic or because of a surgery. Such defects compromise appearance, function and render an individual, incapable of leading a relatively normal life. It also affects the patient’s quality of life. Maxillofacial prosthodontics involves rehabilitation of patients with defects or disabilities that were present when born or developed due to disease or trauma.


What is maxillofacial prosthodontics?

Maxillofacial prosthodontics is concerned with the prosthodontic management of patients who present with congenital or acquired problems in the maxillofacial region. Prostheses are often needed to replace missing areas of bone or tissue and restore oral functions such as swallowing, speech, and chewing. Also, prosthesis may be indicated for cosmetic and psychosocial reasons. Causes of maxillofacial disfigurement are:

  1. Congenital Missing – cleft lip/cleft palate, anotia
  2. Trauma
  3. Cancer


Maxillofacial prosthesis

  1. Intraoral –  surgical obturator prosthesis, interim and definitive obturator, palatal lift prosthesis, palatal augmentation prosthesis
  2. Extraoral – ocular prosthesis, orbital prosthesis, auricular prosthesis, nasal prosthesis

Maxillofacial prosthesis also includes somatic prosthesis which replaces body part like fingers and hands (arm/leg prosthesis not include).



Goal of the treatment

  • Intraoral prostheses: restore oral function, such as swallowing, speech and chewing. An intraoral prosthesis is generally made of acrylic. The process works by taking impressions of the defected site, molding a prototype, making adjustments, and creating the final prosthesis. The timeline for completion is around 1 month.
  • Extraoral prostheses: obtain natural-looking cosmetic result. Prosthesis is made of silicone. The process takes around 2-4 weeks.



The process of making a maxillofacial prosthesis

  1. Taking impressions of the defected site
  2. Molding a prototype and measure size of the defect site
  3. The doctor makes adjustments based on patient’s feedback and appearance.
  4. Create the final prosthesis and fitting process


Advantages of maxillofacial prosthesis

  • Restore oral function
  • Obtain natural-looking cosmetic result
  • Increase the patient’s confidence
  • Improve the patient’s quality of life


In addition, hygienic home care maintenance for patients who have received a maxillofacial prosthesis is very important in order to secure a long-term success of a facial rehabilitation. In addition, the patients have to regularly see the doctor for follow-up cares.


The rehabilitation of intraoral and extraoral defects is a challenging aspect of maxillofacial prosthodontics. It requires constant practice of the art to gain confidence and expertise. At Bangkok Dental Center, our maxillofacial prosthodontists are dedicated to providing compassionate care as our goal is to help the patients gain their confidence and happiness so they are able to function normally in society.

Reference:  Dr. Wasan Amornsang, a prosthodontist, Bangkok Dental Center, Bangkok Hospital

For more information:

Bangkok Dental Center, Bangkok Hospital

Monday-Friday 8:00-20:00

Saturday-Sunday 8:00-17:00

Call 0 2755 1335 or 1719