Improving Balance, Confidence, and Stability | Geriatric Rehabilitation
The geriatric assessment is a multidimensional, multidisciplinary assessment designed to evaluate an older person's functional ability, physical health, cognition and mental health, and their socio environmental circumstances. People who are older than 60 years old should receive the assessment in order to reduce the risk of chronic diseases and improve their quality of life.
The geriatric assessment includes physical health, cognition, and mental health as mentioned below.
Timed up and go test
The test assesses mobility, balance, walking ability, and fall risk in older adults. The information can be translated into an action plan for fall prevention and improving balance and mobility.
Tandem standing test
Tandem Standing Test can be used to assess balance and muscle strength. For the elderly, the high-risk factors of falls are loss of muscle strength and balance instability. In elderly with impaired balance, the fall risk increases 4—5 times compared to those without impaired balance.
Five times sit to stand
The five-repetition sit-to-stand is a simple to use, reliable and valid measure of physical function in older people. The test is useful for assessing lower limb muscle strength, transitional movement, speed of movement, and balance.
4 meter gait speed test
Routine gait assessment can be done by a doctor using 4 Meter Gait Speed Test. The test can evaluate gait speed, balance, and stride length. Longer gait speed suggests an increased risk of frailty.
Cognitive function assessment
The assessment evaluates the risk of dementia in elderly and this can lead to prevention and treatment plan as per patient’s needs.
Psychological assessment and depression screening
Depression is common in older patients. However, assessing depression in the elderly is acknowledged to be difficult because depression may have atypical presentations in elderly individuals. The assessment helps to evaluate psychological health in order to reduce the risk of depression.
Body composition evaluation – muscle, fat, and water
Body composition including water, fat, muscle, and bone can be measured by body composition evaluation device and help determine patient’s nutritional status and physical fitness. Then, the doctor will determine patient’s ideal body weight, diet, and exercise plan.
For more information:
Bangkok Rehabilitation Center
3rd Floor, Rehabilitation Building (R Building)